Sculptures are one of the most ancient and versatile pieces of art. A variety of materials have been melded together in order to sculpt beautiful, and some not so beautiful 3D sculptures.



One of the most common materials of sculpting is by using wood. Sculpting wood comes from trees that were either cut down, or died. In order to prep them for sculpting, they are removed of all bark and moss; however, parts are often kept in order to enhance art. Then the wood sculpture uses a saw in order to define the general shape of the wooden sculpture. A variety of knives in all shapes and sizes are used to define the face and body of the wooden sculpture. Many wood sculptures are created into bears, indians, and other western characters.



Another ancient form of sculpting is clay. Perhaps, the most famous being the Greek Gods such as Aphrodite, King Titus, and Hercules sculpted into murals across ancient Greece. Many famous museums feature clay masterpieces including Angels over waterfalls, and bodies without limbs. These clay sculptures are often white in color. However, they can be brown, green, or black depending on the clay used and if it was painted. Each piece of clay begins as a square block and is typically chiseled with a variety of tools referred to as shapers until it takes on a form of its own. Universities, and even the white house have used the power of clay in order to establish a sense of wealth and power.


Sand mixed with water has emerged as another form of sculpting. Sand artisans spend days defining underwater inspired art along beaches. While many of these are washed away by the ocean, they are often featured on special days of the year so audiences can enjoy their beauty. Sand castles are perhaps the most common and easy way to create a sand sculpture. Nevertheless, intricate artists will go as far to create mermaids, whales, Poseidon, and underwater scenes above land to capture the essence of sand.



As global warming heats up, environmental artisans have experimented with new ways to reduce, reuse, and recycle garbage. Metals as well as glass, plastics, wires, and other exotic materials have been used in order to create successful and stunning sculptures. A fish made of plastic bottles, a chicken made of egg shells, and an igloo made entirely of books are some of the most impressive pieces of art created by recycled materials. Perhaps some of the strangest materials used in sculpting has been chewed gum, starbursts, and even pennies. Check this Out




From sculpting clay in ancient Greece to establish the power of Greek Gods to recycling plastic bottles to create a giant fish on the beach, sculpting has proved to be a timeless method of art that is constantly evolving into new innovative ideas. Nearly anything that can be melted hardened and form a shape of it’s own can be a sculpture. All one needs is an imagination, the proper tools and material to start sculpting.

Sculpture – The living art form

Art is all around us. It is paintings, murals, buildings, poetry, books and the spoken word. One art form that is very much unique is sculpture. By forming an appreciation of sculpture we can examine different ideas in a level of depth perhaps not possible, or at least not as accessible, in other art forms.


Take the example of Michelangelo’s statue “David”. This statue depicts physical perfection but unlike a painting the sculpture is almost as real as the person would be. This is also true in that the statue is life-sized again pushing our imaginations to see David as Michelangelo imagined him as a real person. This pushes the boundaries of what an artist can do and the effect they can have on the person viewing the sculpture.


Although a sculpture is usually stationary another idea that can be conveyed through it is movement and other properties. The famous painter and sculptor George Frederic Watts created the famous piece “physical energy”. This depicts a horse and rider and the sculpture resides in the Watt’s Gallery in England. Three bronze casts of the sculpture have been made and are located in London, Cape Town and Harare. The enormous full scale horse and rider symbolizes energy suspended in time. The piece, although stationary, is created to convey the concept of movement, strength and enormous power.


Sculpture of course can be touched. Unlike paintings and films we can put our hands on sculpture and take on another level of understanding from the work. The works of Henry Moore are often over-size works on public display with undulating gentle curves and sometimes very vague depictions of the human form. People love touching the surface of these sometimes mysterious works and trying to fathom out what the artistic was fully trying to convey.


Sculpture involves the viewer on a whole new level. The artist also may not have been an individual. The world famous Elgin Marbles, or Parthenon Marbles, were created by citizens of Athens under the watchful eye of the architect and sculptor Phidias. Sculpture is as versatile an art form as any other and perhaps when we look at the power of the pieces we could even say that it is more powerful than most.